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                      King Robert II of Scotland
                                                     

Robert Stewart was born March 2, 1316 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland; He was the only son of Walter Stewart and Princess Marjorie. He was 55 years old when he succeeded to the crown as King Robert II of Scotland.  He was impressive in appearance, humble, mild, affable, cheerful and above all honorable.  It was his humility that was the most significant of his attributes.

 

 In the year 1318 Parliament of Scotland decreed that if King Robert I (Robert de Bruce) died without sons the crown should pass to Princess Marjorie’s son; but the birth of a son to the king (King David II) in the year 1324 postponed the ascension for nearly 42 years. Soon after the infant David became King in the year 1329, Robert Stewart begin to take a prominent part in the affairs of Scotland. He was one of the leaders at the battle of Halidon Hill in July of the year 1333; after gaining some success over the adherents of Edward Balliol in the west of Scotland, he and John Randolph  Earl of Moray were chosen as regents of the kingdom, while David sought safety in France.  The regents soon quarreled; then Randolph fell into the hands of the English, Robert became sole regent, and having succeeded in his efforts to restore the royal authority, King David II was able to return to Scotland in the year 1341. 

After King David returned from England he and Robert fell out.  The King alleged that Robert had deserted him when he was captured at Halidon Hill.  This was probably in response to Roberts’s efforts to prevent King David from misappropriating funds owed to the English for his own release; and instead of offering to make King Edward III of England heir to the Scottish throne.  Robert rebelled against King David in the year 1363, and was imprisoned along with four of his sons.  He was released shortly before King David’s death in February of the year 1371.  David died childless, and the throne passed to Robert, he was crowned King Robert II at Scone on March 26, 1371.  A notarial instrument was drawn up to record not only the circumstances of Roberts coronation but also to record at much greater length the recognition of his first born son, John, Earl of Carrick as heir apparent to the crown. Robert was the first King from the House of Stewart; the Stewarts ruled for 230 years before the unifying of the crowns of England and Scotland. 

Robert was not Scotland’s most effective King but he was extremely good at one thing; he had at least 21 children. Unfortunately his marital arrangements would Cause a conflict with later generations.  He married his first wife Elizabeth Mure (More), Countess of Strathearn daughter of Sir Adam Mure Knight, in the year 1336 and had four sons and four daughters. The validity of his first marriage was challenged, and he remarried his first wife in the year 1349.  By his second wife Euphemia Ross daughter of Sir Hugh de Ross, Earl of Ross he had two sons and three daughters.  He also had at least eight illegitimate children. King Robert II of Scotland died on April 19, 1390 at the age of 74 in Dundonald castle.  He had the following children.

   

By his wife Elizabeth Mure

 

I.       John Stewart (King Robert III of Scotland), Born 1337 died April

         4, 1406 had issue.

II.      Walter Stewart, Born 1339 died 1362.

III.     Sir Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, Born 1341 died September

        2, 1420 had issue see below.

IV.     Margaret Stewart, Born 1343 died1410.

V.      Sir Alexander Stewart, Earl of Buchan (The wolf' of Badenoch)

         Born 1345 died August 1405 had issue.

VI.     Elizabeth Stewart, Born 1347 died 1389.

VII.    Jean Stewart, Born 1349.

VIII.   Marjorie Stewart, Born 1352 died after May 6, 1417.

 

                 

By his wife Euphemia de Ross

 

I.       Sir David Stewart, Earl of Caithness, Born 1356 died March  1390.

II.      Walter Stewart, Earl of Strathearn, Born 1358 died March 26, 1437.

III.     Isabella Stewart, Born 1360 died 1410.

IV.     Elizabeth Stewart, Born 1362.

V.      Gille Stewart, Born 1365.

 
 
                                   
 
                 Sir Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany
 

 

Sir Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany was born in the year 1341 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland.  He also at times carried the titles of Earl of Menteith, Earl of Fife, Earl of Atholl and in early 1406, his brother Alexander, died and he succeeded him to the Earldom of Buchan.

 

Robert was one of the darker figure’s in Scotland’s history following closely behind the infamy of his Brother Alexander (the Wolf’ of Badenoch). Robert was cunning, ruthless and wielded great power during the reign of three Scottish Kings.  He was appointed guardian of the kingdom by his father King Robert II, it is not likely That Robert ever released the reins of power to his older brother John (King Robert III of Scotland.)  By the year 1398 King Robert III’s health had deteriorated so much that the Scottish parliament appointed his oldest son, David, duke of Rothesay to be lieutenant of the kingdom and rule in his father’s place.  At the same time they made Robert (who had been referred to until is time as Earl of Fife), Duke of Albany.

 

David provoked an English invasion and then failed to prevent the English from capturing Edinburgh. He made a number of other decisions that made him increasingly unpopular.  Robert, Duke of Albany had him arrested and imprisoned in St Andrews castle; he was later moved to the Falkland Palace.  David died at Falkland Palace in March of the year 1402. The general council of Scotland concluded that David died “by divine providence and not otherwise”.

King Robert III made his remaining son James, Earl of Carrick and made the Stewart lands in the south-west of Scotland a separate principality for him.  Early in the year 1406, supporters of James, Earl of Carrick were beaten in battle by the forces of Robert, Duke of Albany near Edinburgh. King Robert III sent James into hiding at Dirleton Castle in East Lothian and then at Bass Rock.  He was rescued by a merchant ship named the Maryenknycht from Danzig. However, the ship was intercepted by English pirates off Flamborough Head and James was captured. He was handed over to King Henry IV of England.  Upon hearing the news, King Robert III died. The Scottish Parliament immediately pronounced young James Stewart as King of Scotland. While James was held captive by the English, Robert was made Regent of Scotland and he moved the seat to Doune Castle. Amongst his duties was negotiating with the English for the return of James.

The most significant event during Robert’s rule as governor was the battle of Harlaw on July 24,1411 near Inverurie.  This was a formidable revolt led by Donald Macdonald, second lord of the Isles, who claimed the earldom of Ross and was in alliance with Henry IV of England. It was a fight for the Earldom of Ross and effective control of the Highlands but the defeat of Donald at Harlaw freed him from this danger. Allowing Robert to step in and take control of the Earldom of Ross. This was possibly one of the bloodiest battles ever fought in Northern Scotland.  Robert continued in power until his death at the age of 80 in the year 1420, effectively ruling Scotland for 32 years.

Although the exact date is not known, it is Robert who built Doune Castle sometime between 1388 and 1398. His son Murdoch continued construction after his death in 1420 but irregularities in the structure suggest that plans were altered on several occasions, and never completed. The castle is an irregular pentagon within high curtain walls, and the gatehouse facing the approach to the site from the north. A second, smaller gate was placed in the west wall from which defenders of the castle could come out unobserved. Doune served as a royal hunting lodge and was later occasionally used by Mary, Queen of Scots. Doune was held by forces loyal to her until 1570.

Robert married firstly Margaret Graham countess of Menteith daughter of Sir John Graham of Menteith, on September 9, 1361 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland.  She was born in the year 1334 in Dunduff, Perth, Scotland she died in the year 1379 in Dundonald. He married secondly Muriel Keith on May 4,1380. She was born in the year 1359 in Dunnottar, Kincardineshire, Scotland. Robert died September 9, 1420 at Stirling Castle and was buried in Dunfermline Abbey. He had one son and five daughters by his first wife and three sons and one daughter by his second wife.


 

By his wife Margaret Graham

   

I.           Mary Stewart was born in the year 1362.

II.          Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany was born 1365 died May 24,1425. Had issue see below.

III.        Beatrix Stewart, Born 1371 died 1414.

IV.       Marjory Stewart, Born1371 died between the years 1420-1422.

V.          Isabelle Stewart, Born 1373.

VI.        Joan Stewart, Born 1376.

 

By his wife Muriel Keith

 

I.           John Stewart, Earl of Buchan, 1381 died August 17, 1424.

II.          Andrew Stewart, Born 1383 died 1413 in Dundonald.

III.        Robert Stewart, Born 1385 died after the year 1431.

IV.            Elizabeth Stewart, Born1387.

 

 

                                       

                  Murdoch Stewart Duke of Albany

                                                        

Murdoch Stewart duke of Albany was born in the year 1365 in Dundonald, Ayrshire, Scotland.  At first he bore the title of Earl of Fife. He was Justiciary of Scotland north of the Forth and designated of Kinclevyne.

 

He was taken prisoner by the English at the battle of Homeldon on September 14, 1402.  Also taken prisoner were the earl of Douglas, 80 Knights, and a crowd of esquires and pages. King Henry IV of England presented him in full parliament on October 20 and he was allowed to be at large on his own parole of honor. A letter from his father to King Henry dated Falkland, June 2, 1405; Murdoch received much kindness from that monarch during his stay in England, as he thanks him for his good treatment of his son Murdoch. In the year 1415 he was exchanged for Henry Percy of Northumberland, the son of Hotspur, who, since the battle of Shrewsbury, had remained in Scotland.  In the commission preserved in the charter of Westminster, and of which a copy is given in Anderson’s Diplomata, No. 64, it is expressly stated that the parties therein named, being the bishop of Glasgow, chancellor of Scotland, James Douglas of Balvany, brother-in-law of Murdoch, the earl of March, the abbot of Balmerinoch amid others, empowered to negotiate for the deliverance of James from his captivity in England, were so appointed with the knowledge and by the deliberate council of the three estates of the realm (ex certa scientia et deliberato concillo trium statuum regni) . Ambassadors being dispatched to negotiate with the English court, after some delay the duke of Bedford, then protector of England, agreed to deliver up the king of Scotland, on payment of £40,000, within six years by half-yearly payments, hostages being given for payment of the same. The ambassadors, who went to England, to concert measures about the payment of this sum, were the bishops of Aberdeen and Dunblane and Mr. Thomas Myreton.

The arrangement for the release of the king was finally adjusted by the Scottish commissioners, who proceeded to London for that purpose, on March 9, 1424. The following April, James returned to Scotland after having married the Lady Jane Beaufort, a daughter of the Earl of Somerset, of the ‘Blood Royal of England’. At his coronation, Murdoch, as earl of Fife, performed the ceremony of installing the sovereign on the throne, and amidst the rejoicings on the occasion; the king conferred the honor of knighthood on Murdoch’s son Alexander Stewart, and twenty-four others of his principal nobility and barons.

On May 13, 1424, Sir Walter Stewart, eldest son of Murdoch; Malcolm Fleming, brother-in-law of Murdoch; and Thomas Boyd, a member of the Kilmarnock family, were arrested and imprisoned, and towards the end of this year, the Earl of Lennox, father-in-law of Albany, and Sir Robert Graham, were seized and imprisoned.

This was the prelude to a desperate move and tragedy orchestrated by the King.  He summoned a Parliament, which met at Perth on the 12th of March, 1425. On the ninth day of the Parliament, Murdoch and his son, Sir Alexander Stewart, the Earls of Douglas, March, and Angus, William Hay of Erroll, Sir Alexander Seton of Gordon, Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum, David Stewart, the Earl of Strathern and son of Robert II and Euphemia of Ross, James Stewart, Master of Atholl and son of Walter Stuart, Earl of Atholl, and others.  In all, thirty barons and knights were arrested. At the same time the King seized the castles of Falkland and Doune, and imprisoned Murdoch’s wife in the castle of Tantallon.

These proceedings astonished the Scottish barons and knights; but the move was specially directed against the Duke of Albany and his family, many of the lords and barons were released after a very short imprisonment.

In May, Parliament reassembled at Stirling, and prepared to settle the doom of Murdoch and his family. A court was held in Stirling Castle on, the 26th of May, 1425. Walter Stewart, the eldest son of Albany, was tried before the King and a jury of twenty one barons; he was found guilty, condemned, and immediately beheaded.

The following day, Murdoch and his son Alexander and the aged Earl of Lennox, were tried, convicted, and sentenced to death, and all lands and titles forfeited. They were all executed on Heading Hill before the Castle of Stirling and buried in the Church of the Black Friars, Stirling. Their heads were transported to the 'Red' Douglas stronghold of Tantallon castle where they were thrown into the dungeon beside Murdoch’s wife Isobell in an effort to drive her insane.

Murdoch and his sons were men of stalwart and commanding presence, and their hard fate at the hands of King James I excited much sympathy amongst the people, and in retaliation Murdoch's surviving son James "the Gross" Stewart, accompanied by a band of Lennox rebels attacked Dumbarton, burning it and killing the governor of the castle, John "the Red" Stewart an illegitimate son of Robert II. James "the Gross" then fled to Ireland taking with him the widow and children of his brother Walter.  There he called himself King of Scots and began to mass a huge army to invade the west coast of Scotland.  He died before the English and the MacDonald Lord of the Isles could help him seize the Scots throne.

Murdoch married Isobell of Lennox, Countess of Lennox daughter of Sir Duncan earl of Lennox, in February in the year 1392 in Balloch castle, Dunbartonshire, Scotland.  She was born in the year 1376 in Balloch Castle.  They had four sons.


 

I.                Robert Stewart, of Fife born 1393 in Balloch Castle, died July 1421 in Balloch Castle.

I.              Sir Walter Stewart, of Fife knight born 1395 in Balloch Castle, died May 24,1425.  Be-headed at Stirling. Had issue see below.

II.             Alexander Stewart born in the year 1397 and died May 24, 1425.  Be-headed at Stirling.

III.        James Stewart, born 1399 in Balloch Castle, died in May 1451, in Ireland.


.

               Sir Walter Stewart of Lennox, Master of Fife

 First wife was possibly a daughter of Duncan 1st Lord Campbell.  Second wife Janet Erskine was the daughter of Sir Robert Erskine 1st lord of that ilk.  Walter died May 24, 1425. Walter's sons Andrew, Arthur and Walter, had letters of legitimization under the Great Seal on 17th April 1479.  Andrew, under the designation of Andrew Stewart of Albany, was a member of James II's council in 1440, and later, created Lord Evondale/Avondale, and became Chancellor of Scotland.

 

        He was the father of…

I.            Sir Andrew Stewart 1st lord Evondale.

II.          Arthur Stewart died without issue.

  And by his wife Janet Erskine daughter of Sir Robert Erskine 1st lord of that ilk.

III.       Walter Stewart baron of Morphie, Had issue see below.                         

 

                                   

                                        

                         Walter Stewart baron of Morphie

Married Elizabeth Arnot daughter of the Laird of Arnot

        He was the father of…

I.            Alexander Stewart of Evondale.

II.         Andrew Stewart 2nd lord Avondale, Had issue. 

III.        Elizabeth Stewart married John Mure of Rowallan.

 


                                               
 
                                    

                     Sir Andrew Stewart 2nd lord Evondale

Andrew Stewart 2nd lord Evondale.  Was high in the esteem of King James IV, confirmed him in his titles and made him 1st lord of the bedchamber. Lord of the bedchamber was an office in the beginning from about the early 11th century. They were invariably noblemen, and often important ones, as the regular access to the monarch the role brought was the invaluable commodity of the courtier. The duties of the office involved such activities as waiting on the King when he would eat in private, helping him dress, guarding the bedchamber and closet, and providing companionship. In 1457 Strathaven Castle was granted to Sir Andrew Stewart. He married Margaret Kennedy Daughter of 2nd lord John Kennedy, Before April 2, 1499-1500.

       He was the father of…

I.            Andrew Stewart third lord Avondale, 1st lord Ochiltree Married before August 22, 1515 Margaret Hamilton daughter of James Hamilton, Earl Arran. He died circa 1548. 

II.          Henry Stewart  lord Methven married  the lady Leslie, Married 2nd Margaret Tudor daughter of King Henry VII of England and 3rd Janet Stewart daughter of John Stewart second Earl of atholl.  Henry was born circa 1496 died circa 1551.

III.        Sir James Stewart of Beath married Margaret Lindsay third lord of the Byres.  He died May 28, 1547.

IV.        Alexander Stewart. 

V.         William Stewart 1st Laird of Dunduff married Isobel Ker.  He died in 1552. Had issue.

VI.       Barbara Stewart married first 1535 Sir James Sinclair of Sanday,  and 2nd  Roderick Macleod of Lewes in 1541.

VII.     Agnes Stewart married John Boswell of Auchinleck.

VIII.    Anne Stewart married Bartholomew Crawford of Carse.

 


 


 


  

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